PIPC Resources

From Data Privacy to Discrimination: Examining the Legal Ramifications of AI in Schools

From Data Privacy to Discrimination: Examining the Legal Ramifications of AI in Schools April 2024 Morgan Sexton and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Introduction The incorporation of artificial intelligence (AI) seems to be everywhere at the moment – and schools are no different! While using AI to improve systems and educational outcomes for students is an exciting prospect, it should be done carefully and with consideration for the legal landscape. AI in education is subject to a myriad of education, child privacy, consumer, and civil rights laws. We’ve created this brief to provide an overview of the […]

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K-12 Privacy Policy Guide: How to Quickly Spot Red Flags

The K-12 Privacy Policy Guide How to Quickly Spot Red Flags April 2024 Jessica Arciniega, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Download the PDF Introduction Using technology in classrooms can transform the learning experience and provide immense benefits for both students and educators. But before it’s used, it is imperative to ensure that our students’ information and privacy are protected. One of the main steps to doing that is reviewing an app’s privacy policy before requesting approval to use it with your students. We understand that deciphering a privacy policy can be a hard task–privacy

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Recommended Resources: State Laws

Recommended Resources State Laws April 2024 Jessica Arciniega, Katherine Kalpos, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Introduction With an abundance of exceptional resources and training programs out there, brushing up on federal child and student privacy laws like FERPA and COPPA has never been more accessible. And while mastery of these is crucial, it’s just the beginning. Since 2014, legislators across the states have passed over 140 new child and student privacy laws. Diving deep into the specific provisions of state legislation is no longer a bonus–it is essential. We’ve pulled together our top 5

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Recommended Resources: The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)

Recommended Resources The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) April 2024 Jessica Arciniega, Katherine Kalpos, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Introduction It’s time to revisit your COPPA knowledge! In January, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to update the COPPA Rule that would mean big changes for companies and schools, codifying some of the changes stakeholders have been advocating for. To equip you with the necessary tools to decode and navigate potential changes in the NPRM, we’ve handpicked our top 5 resources on COPPA and how it applies

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Recommended Resources: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

Recommended Resources The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) April 2024 Jessica Arciniega, Katherine Kalpos, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Introduction This year marks a major milestone in advocating for child and student privacy–FERPA is celebrating its 50th anniversary! As this pivotal act turns 50, rumors are picking up again that new FERPA regulations may soon be on the horizon. As calls to modernize FERPA get louder, we’ve been meticulously crafting our upcoming series: Fixing FERPA. This series isn’t just about paying homage; it’s meant to start a broader discussion about how a

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FERPA 101

FERPA 101 It is interesting to think that a law enacted in 1974—pre-smartphone, mobile app, and modern computer—still governs the vast technological landscape and data collection practices of modern education. In the age of online learning and student one-to-one devices, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) remains the primary federal law protecting student privacy. FERPA analysis has grown increasingly complex over the years as rules and guidance were added to account for emerging technologies–as  highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic when the education community struggled to apply FERPA in light of schools’ increasing reliance on educational technology.

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FERPA Exemptions

FERPA Exemptions While FERPA is renowned for its robust privacy protections for student data, it’s easy to overlook the flip side of the coin: the student data that falls outside of FERPA’s protections. Understanding the scope of FERPA’s protections is crucial for navigating the nuances of student privacy today, especially since the line between student data that is and is not covered is not always intuitive. To help illustrate what student data is not protected under FERPA, we’ve created the following table explaining the FERPA exemptions with clear descriptions and real-world examples.   FERPA Exempt Description Example De-Identified Records and

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FERPA Exceptions

FERPA Exceptions FERPA typically requires consent prior to disclosing any student personally identifiable information (PII) from education records. Nevertheless, FERPA includes several exceptions that allow for certain sharing without consent while still ensuring that the necessary safeguards are in place to protect the privacy of student data. To make understanding these exceptions a little easier, we have put together the following table that details every exception in FERPA–offering clear and concise explanations, criteria for when they may be applicable, and tangible examples that shed light on their practical application.   FERPA Exceptions Description Example School Official (34 CFR 99.31(a)(1) and

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Tis the Season for Rulemaking: FTC Announces New COPPA NPRM

Tis the Season for Rulemaking: FTC Announces New COPPA NPRM December 20, 2023 Katherine Kalpos, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Hello all, While we might have thought child and student privacy work for the year was winding down, the FTC had other ideas. Today the FTC released a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) for the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA Rule) that would mean big changes for companies and schools, codifying some of the changes stakeholders have been advocating for. We’ll be going through the NPRM in detail over the next few days.

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A Privacy Protective Path to Using Technology in Schools: Parental Consent is Not a Panacea

Parental Consent is Not a Panacea: A Privacy Protective Path to Using Technology in Schools December 2023 Katherine Kalpos, Morgan Sexton, and Amelia Vance       CC BY-NC 4.0 Introduction Data collection, use, and sharing are everywhere–and classrooms are no exception. Schools increasingly use a wide array of technologies for many different reasons, ranging from promoting student learning and success, to making data-informed decisions, and also operationalizing administrative tasks. When harnessed correctly with appropriate privacy protections in place, technology in schools can enhance teaching and learning in powerful ways. But there are also serious privacy risks to introducing technology

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